HERD IMMUNITY AND COVID-19 VACCINES: AN OVERVIEW

  • Vishal Garg Jaipur School of Pharmacy Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Dhand Amer, Jaipur
  • Dinesh Jindal Jaipur School of Pharmacy Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Dhand Amer, Jaipur
  • Naveen Garg Jaipur School of Pharmacy Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Dhand Amer, Jaipur
  • Rambir Singh Department of Pharmacy, Maharishi Arvind University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Keywords: Herd immunity, COVID-19, Immunization, Vaccine types, Active immunity, Passive immunity.

Abstract

COVID-19 is a very contagious disease. Vaccines are essential tool to protect from COVID-19 virus Therefore; a vaccine will make a critical addition to immunity system against COVID-19. The World Health Organization estimates that 65 to 70 percent of a given population must be vaccinated to halt the spread of COVID-19 virus. Natural immunity occurs when people become immune to a specific disease after contracting it so immune system makes the antibodies against the germ causing the infection. However, herd immunity occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population is immune to an infectious disease through vaccination or prior illness that it stops the spreading of disease. Currently, social distancing, wearing mask and frequent hand washing are tools that help to prevent the spreading of COVID-19 virus. Here, we review the available COVID-19 vaccines, herd immunity and vaccination towards the safe immunization of the world’s population against COVID-19 virus.

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Author Biographies

Vishal Garg, Jaipur School of Pharmacy Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Dhand Amer, Jaipur

Principal

Dinesh Jindal, Jaipur School of Pharmacy Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Dhand Amer, Jaipur

Associate Professor
Department Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Naveen Garg, Jaipur School of Pharmacy Maharaj Vinayak Global University, Dhand Amer, Jaipur

Professor
Department Pharmacology

Rambir Singh, Department of Pharmacy, Maharishi Arvind University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Professor and Vice-Principal

Published
2021-02-27
How to Cite
Garg, V., Jindal, D., Garg, N., & Singh, R. (2021). HERD IMMUNITY AND COVID-19 VACCINES: AN OVERVIEW. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences (TJPLS Journal), 8(1), 10-20. Retrieved from https://informativejournals.com/journal/index.php/tjpls/article/view/46
Section
Review Article